Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Open Education Resources: What are Open Educational Resources?

What are OER?

"The myriad of learning resources, teaching practices and education policies that use the flexibility of OER to provide learners with high quality educational experiences. Creative Commons defines OER as teaching, learning, and research materials that are either (a) in the public domain or (b) licensed in a manner that provides everyone with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities– retaining, remixing, revising, reusing and redistributing the resources."

- Hewlett Foundation (n.d.)

An Introduction to Open Educational Resources

 

"An Introduction to Open Educational Resources" by Abbey Elder is licensed under a CC BY 4.0 International license: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/...

Learn more

5R's of Openness

What does it mean for a learning resource to be "open"? The 5R framework, proposed by David Wiley, defines the major characteristics of "open" content.

Retain
the right to make, own, and control copies of the content

Reuse
the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)

Revise
the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)

Remix
the right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)

Redistribute
the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend) 

This material was created by David Wiley and published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license at Clarifying and Strengthening the 5Rs

Why use OER

A Review of the Effectiveness & Perceptions of Open Educational Resources As Compared to Textbooks by Research Shots. Licensed by Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed)

Content by Vancouver Community College Library is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License